Country of Origin: Cuba
Color: Black, White, Fawn, Mahogany, Tobacco, Havana Brown
Life Expectancy: 12-15 years
Height: 23-27 cm (Adult, At the withers)
Weight: 7-13 pounds (3-6 kg)
Litter Size: 2-9 puppies
In the West Indies, the breed was known as the Havana Silk Dog and in Cuba it is considered the country's national dog.
If never primped, clipped or altered in any way, the Havanese gives a rugged impression in a little dog. The legs are strong and allow for free and easy movement.
The dark eyes and long tail are covered with long silky hair. The profuse coat varies from wavy to curly.
The Havanese is a double-coated breed with soft hair, both on outer and undercoat. Adult coat reaches 6 to 8 inches, and has a pearly sheen. Some Havanese carry a short haired recessive gene.
If two Adults with this recessive gene have a litter of puppies, it is possible that some of the puppies will be born with smooth coats. A Havanese with a short coat cannot be shown and is a serious fault in the show arena.
Some have nicknamed the Havanese born with short coats Shavanese. Eye rims, the nose and lips are solid black on all colors except the true chocolate dog.
The Havanese comes in any color, including cream, gold, white, silver, blue, and black. Also parti and tricolors. In North America, all colors are recognized, no preference is given to one color over another.
Black and chocolate are preferred colors with many North American breeders. A chocolate Havanese must retain at least a 1 inch (2.6 cm.) patch of chocolate hair. Chocolates also have green or amber eyes. In some European Countries the black and chocolate dogs, were not always recognized.
But the black dogs have been recognized for several years, and the Chocolate dogs are now recently recognized.The gait is unique, lively & 'springy" which accentuates the happy character of the Havanese.
Tail is carried up over the back when gaiting. The breed is of solid physical type and sound constitution. The Havanese gives a rugged impression of a little dog, it is sturdy, and while a small breed, it is neither fragile nor overdone.
Temperament: Playful, Affectionate, Intelligent, Companionable, Responsive, Gentle
Health Problems: Havanese are generally healthy and sturdy with relatively few serious health issues. They typically live 14 to 16 years. Havanese organizations, such as the Havanese Club of America, monitor genetic issues to prevent propagation within the breed.
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