Country of Origin: Hungary
Color: Black, Sand, Rust, Silver, Grizzle, Grey
Life Expectancy: 11-13 years
Height: Female: 38-44 cm, Male: 41-47 cm
Weight: Male: 22-33 pounds (10-15 kg), Female: 18-29 pounds (8-13 kg)
Litter Size: 4-6 puppies
The Pumi was developed in the 1700s. It was bred from the Puli(and brought along with the merino sheep which were imported in the 17th and 18th centuries) and crossed with German and French prick-eared sheepdogs probably the Pomeranian or Hutespitz. The blood of ancient terriers probably also flows in its veins.
This dog has evolved into a breed of its own over the last 300 years and is gaining popularity in its homeland. It was first mentioned by name in 1815, but it was not until the 1920s that it was recognized as a distinct breed. Developed to drive cattle, it is daring, energetic, mouthy and high-spirited. Its standard describes the Pumi as "unable to keep quiet." His character makes the breed a fine watchdog in remote areas.
Hungary has produced a varied selection of livestock dogs. The Pumi is one of the lesser known breeds, perhaps because of its rustic appearance. This is a typical drover, with a burning personality and an alert disposition.
The elongated muzzle of the Pumi is the most distinctive feature of the face. The slightly oblique, dark eyes have close-fitting lids. The tail is a fair indicator of the breed's temperament always merry and carried high. The ears are upright and tipped forward. The compact hind feet are set back from the body. The chest is deep and ribs are somewhat flat. The feet are strong, with elastic pads and hard nails.
The medium-length, curled coat is distinct from the Puli's in that, although thick and long, the hair is not felted and does not form into cords. Coat colors are black, all shades of gray, and reddish brown, but always one solid color. White occurs, but is not favored by breeders.
Temperament: Lively, Reserved, Intelligent, Protective, Active, Vocal
Health Problems: Pumis are a healthy breed with a life expectancy of 12 to 14 years, but Pumis have been known to live up to 19 years. Known medical problems are patella luxation and canine hip dysplasia.
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