Country of Origin: Mexico
Color: Black, Dark Brown, Copper & White, Fawn, Brindle, Bronze
Life Expectancy: 12-15 years
Height: 9-14 inches (23-36 cm)
Weight: 4-20 kg
Litter Size: 3-6 puppies
The Xoloitzcuintli, also spelled Xoloitzcuintle, is more commonly known as the Mexican Hairless or Xolo. It resembles a robust Manchester Terrier.
The Xolo is one of the worlds oldest and rarest breeds, dating back over 3,000 years. Artifacts and clay pottery of this ancient breed have been found in the tombs of Colima, Mayan and Aztec Indians.
They were highly prized for their loyalty, intelligence, curative and mystical powers. The Xolo of today remains virtually unchanged. Ancestors of the Aztec Indians brought hairless dogs called "Biche" (meaning naked) with them when they arrived in Mexico from Asia.
The Xolo comes in three sizes: Toy, Miniature, Standard, and two varieties: coated and the hairless, with the hairless being the more sought after and popular variety. It is very hairless with or without a short tuft of hair on the head and tail.
The hairless Xolo should never be hairy, or possess long hair, wire hair or wavy hair. Its skin should be soft and smooth, yet hardy to the elements. The Xolo comes in a variety of colors, from black to slate, gray, bronze, brindle, red, fawn, solid or spotted.
The coated variety should have a full coat of hair that is short, sleek and clean, like that of a Doberman; with regular brushing it sheds very little.
Temperament: Protective, Alert, Calm, Cheerful, Companionable, Intelligent
Health Problems: The Xolo is a very hardy and healthy breed possessing no known breed-related health concerns.